Kyaukse

   Located south of Mandalay in Mandalay Division, the site of a large irrigation complex that has played an indispensable economic role in the development of organized states in Upper Burma. Because rainfall is scarce year-round compared to other parts of Burma, the surpluses of rice necessary to support complex and densely populated societies can only be grown if fields are irrigated. At the end of the Konbaung Dynasty in the late 19th century, irrigated rice fields around Kyaukse totaled 100,000 acres. Their origin is unclear. The irrigation complex was in existence before the Pagan Dynasty, whose kings often used prisoners of war to maintain the tanks and canals. The fields were extended by both Pagan and post-Pagan Dynasty rulers, who had the grain brought by barge up the Zawgyi and Myitnge Rivers to the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River and then on to the royal capital. Other irrigation works are located at Meiktila, Yamethin, and Minbu. Because Kyaukse is the birthplace of Senior General Than Shwe, chairman of the State Peace and Development Council, it has benefited in recent years from special government-funded projects, especially in agriculture.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kyaukse — Centre ville de Kyaukse (2007) Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kyaukse — Infobox Settlement official name = Kyaukse other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = motto = imagesize = 300px image caption = Downtown Kyaukse, the Main Road, and Clock Tower flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size …   Wikipedia

  • Kyaukse — ▪ Myanmar       town, central Myanmar (Burma). Lying on the Zawgyi River, 25 miles (40 km) south of Mandalay, it is served by the Mandalay Yangon (Rangoon) railway. The first Myanmar (Burmese) probably settled in the area about 800, and local… …   Universalium

  • Kyaukse — Original name in latin Kyaukse Name in other language Kyaukse State code MM Continent/City Asia/Rangoon longitude 21.6056 latitude 96.13508 altitude 86 Population 50480 Date 2012 12 06 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Kyaukse District — is a district of the Mandalay Division in central Burma. Townships The district contains the following townships: Kyaukse Township Sint Kaing Township Myit Thar Township Tada U Township …   Wikipedia

  • Kyaukse Township — is a township of Kyaukse District in the Mandalay Division of Burma. It makes up the area including the town of Kyaukse …   Wikipedia

  • Kyaukse Education College — Unreferenced|date=February 2008Kyaukse Education College is a basic education high school and college in the town of Kyaukse in the Mandalay Division of central Burma …   Wikipedia

  • BIRMANIE — L’Union de Birmanie (ou Myanmar) compterait environ 42 millions d’habitants en 1991, répartis sur une superficie de 678 000 kilomètres carrés. Son territoire s’allonge, du nord au sud, sur 1 900 km, mais sa largeur n’excède pas 900 km. La région… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pyu city-states — ပျူ မြို့ပြ နိုင်ငံများ ← …   Wikipedia

  • Myittha Township —   Township   …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.